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Attitude matrix

Computer analysis of small group dynamics.

Throughout our society where people live and work in small groups there is a market for a tool to aid decisions in group assignment and automatically monitor group dynamics.

This tool reveals small group dynamics using a four dimensional matrix. At regular intervals each member of the group fills out a simple input form. A computer then reports on the attitude patterns of the group.

Group size is limited since the number of questions on the form will be the square of the number of participants. For each different pair of group members there is a question like this: "How does ______ feel about ______?". The answer is a number from nine (strongly positive) to one (strongly negative). Since the responder is in the group each form has questions about the responder's own feelings toward the others and their feelings toward the responder. There will also be one question asking the responder's own feelings about himself or herself. The order of the questions is randomized for each form.

The computer builds an array from the responses. For each form this is a flat array with the source and target of the feelings forming the axes. For a set of forms from all members a third axis is added for responder. For several meetings of the same group a fourth axis is added for time. This is the four dimensional matrix of responses.

What can we learn about a single group member called John? The average of John's own guesses about how other members feel about him forms a simple "self image" variable. His guesses are correlated to the other members' statements of their own feelings toward John for a variable called "self image accuracy". We measure how "perceptive" John is by correlating all his guesses about other's feelings with their own responses. Correlating everyone's guesses about John's responses with his own answers gives a "transparency" variable. Members' own statements of their feelings toward John are averaged for an "acceptance" variable and the average of their guesses about each others' feelings toward John is a "perceived acceptance" variable. It is clear that a great number of variables can be measured for each member. Other variables can be measured for pairs of members and for the group as a whole.

Subgroups are visible through higher correlations and stronger feelings. The formation and evolution of couples and subgroups, the acceptance and rejection of individuals, the real and perceived self images of the members, all are observed through the same matrix. The computer generates reports and answers inquiries about the group.

There is a Heisenberg effect because filling out the form forces members to think about each other and their feelings and thus changes them.

An example questionnaire and report form are attached.

Attitude matrix Technical notes:I can write the computer programs to operate this matrix in Basic or APL. The psychology department of a university might provide access to graduate students in search of projects. Any invention dealing with a complex human behavior will be full of surprises so the success or failure of the matrix will have to be found by experiment. The potential for understanding and making useful predictions about human group behavior is exiting since so few tools exist for this function.


THIS FORM IS FOR JOHN AFTER THE MEETING ON APRIL 9

PLEASE MARK ONE SPOT ON EACH LINE.

like dislike
HOW DOES ELLEN FEEL ABOUT WAYNE? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES WAYNE FEEL ABOUT MARY? + + + + + + + +
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT WAYNE? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES PAM FEEL ABOUT RICK? + + + + + + + +
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT ELLEN? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES MARY FEEL ABOUT PAM? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES RICK FEEL ABOUT YOU? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES PAM FEEL ABOUT MARY? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES WAYNE FEEL ABOUT PAM? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES MARY FEEL ABOUT ELLEN? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES PAM FEEL ABOUT WAYNE? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES RICK FEEL ABOUT PAM? + + + + + + + +
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT MARY? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES ELLEN FEEL ABOUT YOU? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES PAM FEEL ABOUT HERSELF? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES WAYNE FEEL ABOUT ELLEN? + + + + + + + +
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT RICK? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES ELLEN FEEL ABOUT RICK? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES WAYNE FEEL ABOUT YOU? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES RICK FEEL ABOUT WAYNE? + + + + + + + +
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT YOURSELF? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES WAYNE FEEL ABOUT RICK? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES MARY FEEL ABOUT HERSELF? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES RICK FEEL ABOUT ELLEN? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES MARY FEEL ABOUT RICK? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES RICK FEEL ABOUT MARY? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES WAYNE FEEL ABOUT HIMSELF? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES RICK FEEL ABOUT HIMSELF? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES ELLEN FEEL ABOUT PAM? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES MARY FEEL ABOUT WAYNE? + + + + + + + +
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT PAM? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES MARY FEEL ABOUT YOU? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES PAM FEEL ABOUT YOU? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES ELLEN FEEL ABOUT HERSELF? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES PAM FEEL ABOUT ELLEN? + + + + + + + +
HOW DOES ELLEN FEEL ABOUT MARY? + + + + + + + +

form number 3521 THANK YOU



Matrix Report on Group 3 Meeting 4

Abbreviations used for individual variables:
SI Self image SIA Self image accuracy PE Perceptiveness TR Transparency AC Acceptance PA Perceived acceptance Name SI SIA PE TR AC PA Ellen 6.7 .44 .84 .31 6.7 8.3 John 4.9 .76 .43 .79 6.1 3.2 Mary 3.6 .30 .88 .45 8.5 8.0 Pam 8.7 .51 .52 .86 4.9 7.6 Rick 8.1 .88 .76 .70 8.1 7.2 Wayne 8.3 .29 .33 .69 5.1 7.2 Ten most positive relationships in rank order (self reporting). John & Mary Ellen & Wayne Ellen & Rick Mary & Rick John & Pam Mary & Pam Rick & Wayne Ellen & Mary Group characteristics Overall feeling 7.3 up from 6.9 Overall perceptiveness .57 up from .45 Invalid responses 17 down from 18

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